Fragments of the Old Uyghur Uṣṇīṣavijayā Dhāraṇī in the Serindia Collection of the IOM, RAS

  • Ayşe Kılıç Cengiz Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Science and Humanities
Keywords: Uṣṇīṣavijayā Dhāraṇī, Old Uyghur Literature, Blockprint, Buddhist Texts, Serindia Collection, Dhāraṇī, Central Asian Buddhism

Abstract

The Uṣṇīṣavijayā dhāraṇī, considered a Buddhist text about the Goddess Uṣṇīṣavijayā and her dhāraṇī, is known as one of the most important texts in the Old Uyghur translation literature. It occupies a central position as a dhāraṇī text in South Asian, Central Asian, and East Asian Buddhism. Apart from Old Uyghur, it appears in a variety of languages and scripts, including Sanskrit, Tangut, Tibetan, Chinese, and Mongolian. The text is appraised as particularly beneficial for eliminating karmic obstacles and evil paths, annihilating hostility, disasters, demons, and scourges, relieving beings of suffering and bringing them happiness, prolonging their well-being, and increasing their longevity. It is also believed to increase wisdom, obliterate hells, and provide a chance to be born in Buddha heaven, called Sukhāvatī, or other pure lands. This paper deals with the edition of newly identified fragments of the Uṣṇīṣavijayā dhāraṇī in Old Uyghur preserved in the Serindia Collection of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IOM, RAS). The fragments presented belong to the same blockprint edition produced during the Mongolian period. The study includes the transliteration, transcription, and translation of these fragments within the context of a semantic sequence of the text. The version on the fragments is compared with versions in other languages to reveal differences between texts. Finally, a reconstructed text is presented.

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Published
2022-10-27
How to Cite
Kılıç Cengiz, A. (2022). Fragments of the Old Uyghur Uṣṇīṣavijayā Dhāraṇī in the Serindia Collection of the IOM, RAS. Archiv orientální, 90(2), 333-350. https://doi.org/10.47979/aror.j.90.2.333-350
Section
Research Article